The puppy diet outlined here is well proven over many generations now and stresses natural and unprocessed food - mainly raw meat and raw bones, cereal and biscuits, raw veges, milk products and eggs.
The best book I have found on feeding dogs is Give Your Dog a Bone by Sydney veterinarian Ian Billinghurst and I recommend you obtain a copy and follow its recommendations.
While you can feed cooked meat, tinned dog food or dog roll, a dog’s jaws and digestive system are designed superbly for natural canine tucker of raw meat and bones. If you choose to change your puppy’s diet, do it gradually to avoid stomach upset.
The emphasis in feeding your growing puppy must always be on top quality food - your Samoyed will reach its full adult height by seven months of age so those early months in your care are crucial.
The Skrownek Samoyed feeding diet is based on the following foods:
- Raw meaty bones from chicken, lamb, beef, rabbit, pork
- Muscle meat from chicken, lamb, beef, pork
- Organ meat - liver, kidneys, hearts
- Eggs, especially yolk, and including the crushed shell. About 3-4 eggs a week.
- Milk, yoghurt, cottage cheese
- Seafoods - fatty fish, mackerel, sardines
- Fresh, green leafy vegetables, spinach, silverbeet, broccoli, asparagus
- Corn, kumara, pumpkin
- Fresh and dried fruits – grapes, strawberries, raspberries, bananas, apples, pears. Dried raisins, sultanas, figs, prunes etc
- Whole grains - rolled oats, brown rice, wheat germ, bran, wholemeal bread
- Brewers yeast, kelp, apple cider vinegar
- Corn, sunflower, peanut, wheatgerm oil
From this list you can devise a diet for dogs that will make and keep any dog healthy, active, fertile and long lived.
I quote the Ten Secrets of Successful Puppy Rearing from Ian Billinghurst’s book:
1. Heaps of raw meaty bones as the basis and major component of the diet - about 60 per cent of total food intake.
2. Grow puppies slowly, keeping them lean and slightly hungry.
3. Feed a wide variety of foods.
4. Feed mostly raw foods.
5. Feed food suitable for growth – foods high in good quality protein, fats, vitamins and minerals.
6. Do not base the puppy diet on raw steak, commercial dog food or calcium supplements.
7. The only exercise allowed is play.
8. Pups must spend most of their time in fresh air on clean earth and grass in the sun, with ample supply of fresh water available.
9. The diet is balanced over time, not by providing balance in every meal.
10. Your puppy is raised with love, resulting in a strong immune system and a puppy that is watched and fed according to its weight, condition and general health.
A milk drink – goat’s milk is great if you can get it otherwise cows. One tsp or so of raw organic honey, mixed with a couple of tablespoons of acidophillus and bifidus yoghurt (organic if possible) – goat’s milk yoghurt is great - egg yolk and crushed egg shell, one tsp oil and make up to half a pint to a pint or so, increasing quantities as pup grows.
Cereal and veges.
Rolled oats, uncooked, soaked overnight in milk, yoghurt, 50:50 milk-water. With some cooked brown rice, with egg and crushed shell, tsp of oil, pinch of seaweed powder, dash of apple cider vinegar, tsp of brewers yeast. Couple tablespoons of raw, pureed veges with juice. Cooked vege table scraps can be added but make at least half the veges raw.
Cottage cheese. Dried fruit.
Or dog biscuits - commercial or home made. To start puppies on biscuits, soak them slightly in warm water until they can cope with them whole. If feeding little puppy biscuits, watch they don’t gulp them down and choke. About a cupful or so of cereal mix.
Raw meat and bones. Beef, lamb, chicken etc with fat included. Feed in biggish chunks, eventually giving meat and bones or meat on the bone in one lump. Puppies should eat the bones, so you may have to smash them up a bit especially chicken. Cheap boiling fowls are good once the pup is a bit bigger. Thaw out thoroughly if frozen and give the whole bird.
Chicken frames are good too. Sheep meat must be frozen for a week before thawing and feeding. Economical cuts are lamb necks and flaps. Economical beef cuts are ox cheeks and brisket bones are excellent. Rabbit, skin and all, is great if you hunt or have hunting friends. About 200-300 grams.
Offal should be fed reguarly – chicken hearts and livers can be fed raw, but sheep and beef offal needs cooking according to New Zealand law. A small quantity, say 100 grams, grated into cereal with juice, or with meat, weekly.
Raw meat on the bone again – about 200–300 grams.
At about four months of age, or sooner if need be, cut out the afternoon meat feed and give all the meat in one feed at night. Note that while cereal, dairy products, veges and fruit are an integral part of the dog’s diet, at least 60 per cent must be raw meat on the bone (or with bones).
Note: when the diet talks about raw meaty bones, this is better understood as meat on the bone or meat and bones.
Your puppy reaches full height at about seven months, but does not reach full maturity until about three to four years of age. Weight at maturity is usually about 25kgs for bitches, 30kg for dogs. A good diet along the above guidelines is essential if your puppy is to grow to true adult beauty.
At about 12 months your pup will probably be eating about 600 grams of food a day in two meals – cereal mix/biscuits at lunch or morning, meat on the bone at night. Quantities will vary depending on your pup’s mood. Do not worry if your pup goes off its tucker, they will eat when hungry.
Your puppy should be lean with backbone and ribs covered but easily felt.
To blossom into healthy, happy adulthood your Sammie pup relies on you for good food and care.
Give Your Dog a Bone– Dr Ian Billinghurst
Published by Direct Book Service, Feb 2000
Give Your Dog a Bone - Dr Ian Billinghurst